T-cell Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Presenting as a Pituitary MassPadmini Sreedhara, Vincent Czerwinski, Ethan Alexander, Chitra Choudhary
Primary pituitary T-lymphoblastic lymphoma is a rare clinical entity. A 45-year-old woman presented with headache, left-eye blurry vision, diplopia, ophthalmoplegia, and ptosis. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed a sellar mass most likely consistent with a pituitary macroadenoma. Laboratory evaluation disclosed secondary hypothyroidism, secondary adrenal insufficiency, and hyperprolactinemia. The mass was removed by transsphenoidal resection, and subsequent immunophenotyping revealed T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma. Secondary workup confirmed lymphomatous confinement to the central nervous system. Following resection, the patient's headaches improved, but she experienced persistent visual deficits and palsies of cranial nerves III, IV, and VI. The chemotherapy regimen consisted of high-dose methotrexate, followed by alternating cycles of cyclophosphamide, vincristine sulfate, doxorubicin hydrochloride (Adriamycin), dexamethasone (cyclophosphamide, mesna, vincristine sulfate, doxorubicin hydrochloride, dexamethasone), and methotrexate/cytarabine. Since receiving chemotherapy, there has been an improvement in numbness, ptosis, left orbital pressure, and headaches. This case represents only the eighth example of T-cell primary pituitary lymphoma, and the youngest patient to receive the diagnosis.