Systematic reviews and meta-analyses on androgen administration in humans: an umbrella reviewRazieh Chegeni, Ståle Pallesen, Hailemariam Weldemariam, Dominic Sagoe
- Nutrition and Dietetics
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Internal Medicine
Purpose of review
The present umbrella review systematically searches and synthesizes recent (2021–2023) systematic reviews and meta-analyses (SRMA) on androgen administration in humans.
Results from 19 SRMA are synthesized. Four themes were identified: market for androgens, prevalence of androgen abuse, psychological effects of androgens, and clinical/therapeutic effects of androgens. One of three androgens on the illicit market are fake or substandard. Whereas one of three androgen users experiences dependence and various serious disorders, only one of three androgen users seek physician support. Additionally, androgen administration increases self-reported aggression in healthy male individuals, and abuse positively correlates with interpersonal violence. Furthermore, androgen therapy is beneficial in treating persons suffering from various chronic diseases.
In this umbrella review, we identified 19 SRMA on androgen use and abuse. Results show a high prevalence of fake androgens on the illicit market, a high prevalence of androgen abuse and dependence, and that a huge proportion of androgen users tend to avoid seeking support from clinicians. Also, androgen administration increases self-reported aggression among healthy male individuals, and there is a positive correlation between androgen abuse and violent behaviors. Finally, androgens have multiple therapeutic effects on various pathology.