# Synthesis of electronegative S-filled and Sn–Te double substituted skutterudite compounds by HPHT and its thermoelectric properties

Yaqi Chen, Xin Fan, Shan Gao, Wenting Ji, Xinjian Li, Yuewen Zhang, Hongan Ma, Xiaopeng Jia- Condensed Matter Physics
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

Electronegative S-filled skutterudite compounds have attracted considerable attention due to scattering of low-frequency phonons (35–50[Formula: see text]cm[Formula: see text]), but there are few reports on S-filled double-substituted skutterudite. In this work, a series of S-filled Te-Sn double-substituted skutterudite compounds were synthesized using high pressure and high temperature (HPHT) method. The phase composition, microstructure, and thermoelectric properties of S_{x}Co_{4}Sb[Formula: see text]Te[Formula: see text]Sn[Formula: see text] ([Formula: see text], 0.05, 0.10, 0.20) samples were systematically determined. The results show that the introduction of S increases the substitution limit of Te in the Sb site. Under the combined effect of the sample synthesis pressure and S filling, the nucleation density of the sample grains increases and the grain size decreases. At the same time, there are numerous special microstructures in the samples synthesized in a high-pressure environment. Thermoelectric performance studies show that a small amount of S filling optimizes the Seebeck coefficient of the sample and increases the power factor (PF). With an increase of the amount of S introduced, the thermal conductivity of the samples decreases significantly. Therefore, the maximum zT value of an S[Formula: see text]Co_{4}Sb[Formula: see text]Te[Formula: see text]Sn[Formula: see text] sample synthesized at 2.5[Formula: see text]GPa pressure is 0.17 at room temperature. The maximum zT value of the sample is 1.26 at 773[Formula: see text]K.