DOI: 10.1177/15589250231189814 ISSN:

Sustainable waste cotton and pigeon pea stalk fibers composite materials for acoustics and thermal properties

Veeraprabahar Jawahar, Mohankumar Gabriel, Sakthivel Santhanam, Senthil Kumar Selvaraj
  • General Materials Science

This study focuses on the development and characterization of pigeon pea stalk/cotton fibers mixed with a blend ratio of 50/50, 70/30, 30/70, 60/40, 100/0 waste cotton and 0/100 waste pea stalk composites are equipped with a compression molding system. The entire composite samples are tested for acoustics, thermal and physical parameters as per the American Society for Testing and Materials standard (ASTM). The sound absorption coefficients (SAC) were measured according to ASTME1050 by an impedance tube method, and the SAC over six frequencies 125, 250, 500, 1000, 2000, and 4000 Hz were calculated. The result revealed that the composite samples that are prepared from cotton/pigeon pea waste have confirmed more than 80% of the SAC and the waste composites provided the best insulation, sound absorption, moisture absorption, and fiber properties. The effect exposed that composites materials arranged from cotton/pea stalk waste fiber have established further than 75% by the sound immersion measure and the waste 28% composites handed the fashionable Appropriation, sound immersion, humidity immersion, and fiber materials. The waste cotton/pigeon pea stalk composite samples have satisfactory moisture resistance at high humidity situations without disturbing the insulation properties.

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