Superior Cardiovascular Effect of Aerobic Interval Training Versus Moderate Continuous Training in Heart Failure PatientsUlrik Wisløff, Asbjørn Støylen, Jan P. Loennechen, Morten Bruvold, Øivind Rognmo, Per Magnus Haram, Arnt Erik Tjønna, Jan Helgerud, Stig A. Slørdahl, Sang Jun Lee, Vibeke Videm, Anja Bye, Godfrey L. Smith, Sonia M. Najjar, Øyvind Ellingsen, Terje Skjærpe
- Physiology (medical)
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Background— Exercise training reduces the symptoms of chronic heart failure. Which exercise intensity yields maximal beneficial adaptations is controversial. Furthermore, the incidence of chronic heart failure increases with advanced age; it has been reported that 88% and 49% of patients with a first diagnosis of chronic heart failure are >65 and >80 years old, respectively. Despite this, most previous studies have excluded patients with an age >70 years. Our objective was to compare training programs with moderate versus high exercise intensity with regard to variables associated with cardiovascular function and prognosis in patients with postinfarction heart failure.
Methods and Results— Twenty-seven patients with stable postinfarction heart failure who were undergoing optimal medical treatment, including β-blockers and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (aged 75.5±11.1 years; left ventricular [LV] ejection fraction 29%; V̇
Conclusions— Exercise intensity was an important factor for reversing LV remodeling and improving aerobic capacity, endothelial function, and quality of life in patients with postinfarction heart failure. These findings may have important implications for exercise training in rehabilitation programs and future studies.