Sub-GHz resolution line-by-line pulse shaper for driving superconducting circuitsDahyeon Lee, Takuma Nakamura, Andrew J. Metcalf, Nathan E. Flowers-Jacobs, Anna E. Fox, Paul D. Dresselhaus, Franklyn Quinlan
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
We demonstrate a sub-GHz resolution, fully programmable Fourier-domain pulse shaper capable of generating arbitrary optical pulse patterns for superconducting circuit platforms. This high resolution allows line-by-line pulse shaping of a 1 GHz-spaced comb, and the pulse shaper can accommodate an optical bandwidth as large as 1 THz, which represents the highest resolution programmable line-by-line pulse shaping to our knowledge. Linear optical sampling with a dual-comb system confirms independent control of 1 GHz-spaced optical lines, and the low phase noise of the pulse shaper is characterized. We apply the pulse shaper as an optical drive for an array of Josephson junctions operating at a temperature of 4 K, where cryogenic photodetection of pulse doublets with user-defined separation characterizes the Josephson junction response. Furthermore, we demonstrate a pulse-density modulation pattern of 4 ps duration optical pulses that can serve as the high bandwidth drive of a quantum-based Josephson arbitrary waveform synthesizer. By leveraging the exquisite control, large bandwidth, and low noise of photonics, this represents an important advance toward the realization of high power and high spectral purity AC voltage standards at gigahertz frequencies without requiring 100 GHz bandwidth driving electronics.