DOI: 10.3390/su151712767 ISSN:

Study on Groundwater Function Zoning and Sustainable Development and Utilization in Jining City Planning Area

Hongnian Chen, Xianfeng Tan, Yan Zhang, Bo Hu, Shuming Xu, Zhenfen Dai, Zhengxuan Zhang, Zhiye Wang, Yawei Zhang
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Building and Construction

The sustainable development and utilization of groundwater resources are of paramount importance for the progress of society, the economy, and the environment. This study focuses on the planning area of Jining City and establishes an evaluation index system for groundwater functional zoning by analyzing key factors such as resource supply function, geo-environmental stability function, and ecological environmental protection function. To evaluate the groundwater functions, this study employs the barrel effect AHP. Through the overlay analysis of different groundwater functions, the planning area of Jining City is categorized into distinct zones based on their groundwater functions. These zones include centralized development and utilization areas (5.69%), decentralized development and utilization areas (65.67%), fragile geo-environmental areas (10.44%), ecological protection areas (8.38%), and unsuitable development and utilization areas (9.82%). The comprehensive zoning map of groundwater functions in the planning area of Jining City is generated. Taking into account the challenges posed by human activities, such as groundwater pollution, this study proposes recommendations for the sustainable development of groundwater in the planning area of Jining City. By systematically examining the functional zoning and sustainable management of groundwater, this study provides a scientific foundation for the responsible development and protection of groundwater resources.

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