DOI: 10.1063/5.0160347 ISSN:

Study on cavitating vortex rope characteristics of reversible pump-turbine under part load turbine condition

Shujiao Pang, Baoshan Zhu, Yunde Shen, Zhenmu Chen
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanical Engineering

Pressure fluctuations in the draft tube mainly arise from the rotational motion of the vortex rope. The formation and development of the vortex rope are significantly influenced by cavitation. However, the precise mechanism underlying the progression of cavitation from its initial weak state to a more severe level remains unclear. The objective of this study is to investigate cavitation in a pump-turbine operating under part load turbine conditions. Numerical simulations were conducted to analyze the impact of the cavitation coefficient on various parameters, including vapor volume, efficiency, and head. With increasing degree of cavitation, the vortex rope's pattern in the draft tube undergoes a transition from a helical type to a torch-like type. This transition consequently leads to a shift in the dominant frequency of pressure fluctuations within the draft tube. Furthermore, the helical vortex rope exhibits a higher rotational speed compared to the torch-like vortex rope, thereby causing a more pronounced effect on the pressure field. The factors contributing to the morphological transition of the vortex rope were explored, with particular emphasis on the accelerating reverse axial flow and the reduction in the draft tube's circumferential velocity. Additionally, this study examined the effect of the cavitation coefficient on the swirl number and flow pattern, while also assessing its impact on entropy production. These findings provide valuable insight into the control of cavitation flow in pump-turbines operating under part load conditions. Moreover, they carry significant implications for the design and optimization of pump-turbine systems.

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