Study of elastic interaction in collective motion phenomenonA. Eddakoun, A. Hader, I. Tarras, L. Amallah, R. Et-Touizi, R. Bakir, Y. Ezaier, A. El Bachiri
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
In nature, living organisms move in a collective state of aggregation, this collective motion is influenced by the nature of the environment, the obstacles refocused during the movement and the local interaction between individuals, this interaction is responsible for avoiding collision between each individual. In this paper, we study numerically the collective motion of self-organized organisms by expanding the Langevin dynamics, in which we have modeled the interaction between individuals by an elastic force. Modeling the interaction between individuals using an elastic force gives remarkable results. This interaction has an important effect if the individuals are dispersed a lot in space, but if a certain number of particles N is exceeded, this force is of no importance and the saturation velocity becomes constant. The results of the numerical simulation show that the average velocity of the individuals goes through a transient regime before reaching the permanent regime. Moreover, the results show that the system represents a transition from a nonequilibrium state to an equilibrium state, which is similar to a second-phase transition (paramagnetic/ferromagnetic) in the absence of the magnetic field; this phase transition is observable if the distance between two individuals is greater than a critical radius noted [Formula: see text].