DOI: 10.3390/mi14091685 ISSN:

Structure, Conductivity, and Sensor Properties of Nanosized ZnO-In2O3 Composites: Influence of Synthesis Method

Mariya I. Ikim, Vladimir F. Gromov, Genrikh N. Gerasimov, Elena Y. Spiridonova, Anastasiya R. Erofeeva, Kairat S. Kurmangaleev, Kirill S. Polunin, Olusegun J. Ilegbusi, Leonid I. Trakhtenberg
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering

The influence of the method used for synthesizing ZnO-In2O3 composites (nanopowder mixing, impregnation, and hydrothermal method) on the structure, conductivity, and sensor properties is investigated. With the nanopowder mixing, the size of the parent nanoparticles in the composite remains practically unchanged in the range of 50–100 nm. The impregnation composites consist of 70 nm In2O3 nanoparticles with ZnO nanoclusters < 30 nm in size located on its surface. The nanoparticles in the hydrothermal composites have a narrow size distribution in the range of 10–20 nm. The specific surface of hydrothermal samples is five times higher than that of impregnated samples. The sensor response of the impregnated composite to 1100 ppm H2 is 1.3–1.5 times higher than the response of the mixed composite. Additives of 15–20 and 85 wt.% ZnO to mixed and impregnated composites lead to an increase in the response compared with pure In2O3. In the case of hydrothermal composite, up to 20 wt.% ZnO addition leads to a decrease in response, but 65 wt.% ZnO addition increases response by almost two times compared with pure In2O3. The sensor activity of a hydrothermal composite depends on the phase composition of In2O3. The maximum efficiency is reached for the composite containing cubic In2O3 and the minimum for rhombohedral In2O3. An explanation is provided for the observed effects.

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