DOI: 10.1002/mco2.482 ISSN: 2688-2663

Stromal interaction molecule 1/microtubule‐associated protein 1A/1B‐light chain 3B complex induces metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma by promoting autophagy

Jingchun Wang, Qichao Xie, Lei Wu, Yu Zhou, Yanquan Xu, Yu Chen, Jiangang Zhang, Ran Ren, Shiming Yang, Yongsheng Li, Huakan Zhao
  • Cell Biology
  • Biochemistry (medical)
  • Genetics (clinical)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Drug Discovery
  • Genetics
  • Oncology
  • Immunology and Allergy


Metastasis is the leading cause of death in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients, and autophagy plays a crucial role in this process by orchestrating epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT). Stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1), a central regulator of store‐operated calcium entry (SOCE) in nonexcitable cells, is involved in the development and spread of HCC. However, the impact of STIM1 on autophagy regulation during HCC metastasis remains unclear. Here, we demonstrate that STIM1 is temporally regulated during autophagy‐induced EMT in HCC cells, and knocking out (KO) STIM1 significantly reduces both autophagy and EMT. Interestingly, STIM1 enhances autophagy through both SOCE‐dependent and independent pathways. Mechanistically, STIM1 directly interacts with microtubule‐associated protein 1A/1B‐light chain 3B (LC3B) to form a complex via the sterile‐α motif (SAM) domain, which promotes autophagosome formation. Furthermore, deletion of the SAM domain of STIM1 abolishes its binding with LC3B, leading to a decrease in autophagy and EMT in HCC cells. These findings unveil a novel mechanism by which the STIM1/LC3B complex mediates autophagy and EMT in HCC cells, highlighting a potential target for preventing HCC metastasis.

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