DOI: 10.1515/cls-2022-0209 ISSN:

Strength analysis of marine biaxial warp-knitted glass fabrics as composite laminations for ship material

Buana Ma’ruf, Abdi Ismail, Dian Purnama Sari, Septia Hardy Sujiatanti
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Computational Mechanics


Fiberglass-reinforced plastics (FRP) composite materials for ships that are widely used are marine-grade unsaturated polyester resin matrix and combimat fiber, a combination of marine-grade chopped strand mat (CSM) and woven roving (WR) fibers. Although less popular than marine CSM–WR, marine biaxial warp-knitted glass fabrics have the potential to be applied as fiber laminates for ship hull materials. A comparative study of tensile and bending strength between marine CSM–WR composite and marine CSM–biaxial composite had been conducted. All composites met the criteria of the Indonesian Classification Bureau. Specifically, the CSM–biaxial had higher tensile and flexural strength with fewer laminations than the CSM–WR. Laminate type II had the highest average normalized tensile and flexural strength, 186.1 and 319.2 MPa. A layer of biaxial fiberglass had a very significant effect on tensile and flexural strength. Besides its strength, fewer type II laminations can speed up the production process of FRP ship hulls. Furthermore, the CSM–biaxial composite had relatively high normalized flexural strength compared to other references. However, the normalized tensile strength achieved in this study was at an intermediate level compared to other references.

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