Strain-Induced Pseudo–Magnetic Fields Greater Than 300 Tesla in Graphene NanobubblesN. Levy, S. A. Burke, K. L. Meaker, M. Panlasigui, A. Zettl, F. Guinea, A. H. Castro Neto, M. F. Crommie
Straining Graphene's Electronic States
The conduction electrons in graphene, single sheets of graphite, can have very high mobilities. Under the influence of an applied magnetic field, a series of energy steps, or Landau levels, can be observed that correspond to the conduction electrons traveling in cyclotron orbits. Recent theoretical work has indicated that if graphene layers are strained, the strain field creates a pseudomagnetic field that should also lead to observable Landau levels.