Star formation in the centre of NGC 1808 as observed by ALMAGuangwen Chen, George J Bendo, Gary A Fuller, Christian Henkel, Xu Kong
- Space and Planetary Science
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
We present Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) observations of 85.69 and 99.02 GHz continuum emission and H42α and H40α lines emission from the central 1 kpc of NGC 1808. These forms of emission are tracers of photoionizing stars but unaffected by dust obscuration that we use to test the applicability of other commonly star formation metrics. An analysis of the spectral energy distributions shows that free-free emission contributes about 60 to 90 per cent of the continuum emission in the 85-100 GHz frequency range, dependent on the region. The star formation rate (SFR) derived from the ALMA free-free emission is 3.1 ± 0.3 M⊙ yr−1. This is comparable to the SFRs measured from the infrared emission, mainly because most of the bolometric energy from the heavily obscured region is emitted as infrared emission. The radio 1.5 GHz emission yields a SFR 25 per cent lower than the ALMA value, probably because of the diffusion of the electrons producing the synchrotron emission beyond the star-forming regions. The SFRs measured from the extinction-corrected Hα line emission are about 40 to 65 per cent of the SFR derived from the ALMA data, likely because this metric was not calibrated for high extinction regions. Some SFRs based on extinction-corrected ultraviolet emission are similar to those from ALMA and infrared data, but given that the ultraviolet terms in the extinction correction equations are very small, these metrics seem inappropriate to apply to this dusty starburst.