DOI: 10.3390/mi14091670 ISSN:

Splicing Measurement and Compensation of Straightness Errors for Ultra-Precision Guideways

Lian Zhou, Nan Zheng, Jie Li, Zhigang Yuan, Jian Wang, Fei Fang, Qiao Xu
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering

The straightness error of guideways is one of the key indicators of an ultra-precision machine, which plays an important role in the machining accuracy of a workpiece. In order to measure the straightness error of a long-distance ultra-precision guideway accurately, a splicing measurement for the straightness error of a guideway using a high-precision flat mirror and displacement sensor was proposed in this paper, and the data splicing processing algorithm based on coordinate transformation was studied. Then, comparative experiments on a splicing measurement and direct measurement of the straightness error were carried out on a hydrostatic guideway grinder. The maximum difference between the two measurements was 0.3 μm, which was far less than the straightness error of 5.8 μm. The experiment demonstrated the correctness of the proposed splicing measurement method and data processing algorithm. To suppress the influence of the straightness error on machining accuracy, a straightness error compensation algorithm based on error rotation transformation and vertical axis position correction was proposed, and the grinding experiment of a plane optics with a size of 1400 mm × 500 mm was carried out. Without error compensation grinding, the flatness error of the element was 7.54 μm. After error compensation grinding, the flatness error was significantly reduced to 2.98 μm, which was less than the straightness errors of the guideways. These results demonstrated that the straightness error of the grinding machine had been well suppressed.

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