Spatiotemporal Dynamic Characteristics of Land Use Intensity in Rapidly Urbanizing Areas from Urban Underground Space PerspectivesBaoshun Wang, Yanfang Liu, Zhaomin Tong, Rui An, Jiwei Xu
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Geography, Planning and Development
- Building and Construction
Land use intensity (LUI) reflects the utilization status of land use. However, traditional LUI assessments have been conducted for land space governance with a primary focus on surface land. Thus far, the explicit variation and spatiotemporal characteristics of land use of underground space (LUUS), particularly the quantization of LUUS-related intensity, are not well understood. Using the case of Wuhan in China, this study takes the main urban area of Wuhan as the research area, based on the time series data of the underground space information survey of analysis units from 2002 to 2018. This reflected the distribution pattern and evolution characteristics of underground space in terms of the intensity, the concentration and spatial hot-spots by using the spatiotemporal analysis framework. The results show that: (1) The LUUS exhibits spatial characteristics of global dispersion, and local aggregation increased and expanded along the northwest–southeast direction; (2) The global spatial dependency of LUUS is strong and the degree decreases with the expansion of the scope; (3) The LUUS is mainly developed in a relatively concentrated mode, and the concentration degree decreases with time; (4) The main development area of the LUUS is gradually expanding from within the inner ring line outside the second ring road in different periods, and the spatial difference is more obvious and increasing. Our study renews the indicators of quantitative LUI evaluation based on underground spatial data. The findings refreshed the knowledge base concerning the spatiotemporal heterogeneity in terms of underground space intensity and provided new insights into spatial governance.