Spatiotemporal Analysis of Urban Carbon Metabolism and Its Response to Land Use Change: A Case Study of Beijing, ChinaYingjie Hu, Jin Sun, Ji Zheng
- Atmospheric Science
- Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
Analyzing the spatial pattern of urban carbon metabolism could provide insights into spatial adjustments to mitigate the greenhouse effect. Using CASA and empirical coefficients, we quantitatively analyzed and mapped the spatial pattern of the urban carbon metabolism of Beijing and its response to land use change from 2000 to 2020. The results showed that the carbon emission rate of Beijing increased in the first decade and decreased in the next, while the carbon sequestration rate kept rising over the past two decades. The net carbon emission rate of Beijing averaged 1284.52 × 107 kg C yr−1, indicating that the city functioned as a net carbon source throughout the study period. The most harmful carbon transitions were always sourced from the southeastern suburban area, where the natural components were converted to artificial components, while beneficial carbon transitions were in the urban central area, where the artificial component with a higher carbon emission density was converted to the other types of artificial components with relatively a lower carbon emission density, and the northwestern mountainous areas, where land use types transferred out of and into the forest or grass. The spatiotemporal change in urban carbon metabolism was highly correlated with the land use transition, and the land use change from cultivated land to industrial land accounted for 34.87% of the harmful carbon transitions. These results of key carbon flows and hotspots provide insights for policymaking in the effective management of reducing carbon emissions and enhancing carbon sequestration.