DOI: 10.2478/sjs-2023-0015 ISSN:

Social Class Inequalities in Children’s Cognitive Test Scores: Comparing Similarities Test Scores in Two British Birth Cohort Studies

Vernon Gayle, Roxanne Connelly
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering


This paper contributes to the sociological understanding of social class inequalities in childhood similarities test scores. We undertake a comparative analysis of two cohorts of British children born 30 years apart. There is a similar negative relationship in both cohorts. Children born in families in the less advantaged social classes have lower childhood similarities test scores. This is consequential because these children enter secondary school with restricted capabilities in logical thinking, concept formation and abstract reasoning.

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