DOI: 10.1055/a-2160-5091 ISSN:

Smoking status and outcomes following lung resection

Amber Ahmed-Issap, Kim Mantio, Shubham Jain, Akolade Habib, Andrew Brazier, Marko Raseta, Udo Abah
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Surgery

Background: Surgical resection is the gold-standard treatment for the management of early-stage lung cancer. A number of modifiable factors may significantly influence postoperative morbidity and mortality. We examined the outcomes of patients following lung resection based upon preoperative smoking status to quantify the impact on postoperative outcomes. Methods: Data from consecutive lung resections from 01/01/2012 to 11/06/2021 were included. Biopsies for interstitial lung disease and resections for emphysematous lung or bullae were excluded. Patients were divided into three cohorts: current smokers (those who smoked within 4 weeks of surgery), ex-smokers (those who stopped smoking prior to 4 weeks leading up to surgery) and non-smokers (those who have never smoked). Patient’s preoperative variables, postoperative complications, length of stay and mortality were examined. Results: 2426 patients were included in the study. 502 patients (20.7%) were current smokers, 1445 (59.6%) were ex-smokers and 479 patients (19.7%) non-smokers. Of those smoking immediately prior to surgery 36.9% developed postoperative complications. Lower respiratory tract infections (18.1%) and prolonged air-leak (17.1%), in particular, were significant higher in smokers. 90-day mortality (5.8%) was higher in the current smokers when compared to ex- and non-smokers (5.3% and 1%, respectively). Median length of hospital stay, readmissions and cost of hospital stay was also higher in the current smoker cohort. Conclusion: Smoking immediately prior to surgery is associated with an increase in morbidity, mortality and length of stay. Not only does this have a significant individual impact, but it is also associated with a significant financial burden to the NHS.

More from our Archive