DOI: 10.3390/ijms241612951 ISSN:

Simultaneous Irradiation with UV-A, -B, and -C Lights Promotes Effective Decontamination of Planktonic and Sessile Bacteria: A Pilot Study

Andrea Bosso, Francesca Tortora, Rosanna Culurciello, Ilaria Di Nardo, Valeria Pistorio, Federica Carraturo, Andrea Colecchia, Rocco Di Girolamo, Valeria Cafaro, Eugenio Notomista, Raffaele Ingenito, Elio Pizzo
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Spectroscopy
  • Molecular Biology
  • General Medicine
  • Catalysis

Surfaces in highly anthropized environments are frequently contaminated by both harmless and pathogenic bacteria. Accidental contact between these contaminated surfaces and people could contribute to uncontrolled or even dangerous microbial diffusion. Among all possible solutions useful to achieve effective disinfection, ultraviolet irradiations (UV) emerge as one of the most “Green” technologies since they can inactivate microorganisms via the formation of DNA/RNA dimers, avoiding the environmental pollution associated with the use of chemical sanitizers. To date, mainly UV-C irradiation has been used for decontamination purposes, but in this study, we investigated the cytotoxic potential on contaminated surfaces of combined UV radiations spanning the UV-A, UV-B, and UV-C spectrums, obtained with an innovative UV lamp never conceived so far by analyzing its effect on a large panel of collection and environmental strains, further examining any possible adverse effects on eukaryotic cells. We found that this novel device shows a significant efficacy on different planktonic and sessile bacteria, and, in addition, it is compatible with eukaryotic skin cells for short exposure times. The collected data strongly suggest this new lamp as a useful device for fast and routine decontamination of different environments to ensure appropriate sterilization procedures.

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