Short-term clinical outcomes of primary total knee arthroplasty with a new-type kinematic retaining implant: A comparison with preexisting cruciate retaining prosthesisTakashige Momose, Masaki Nakano, Yukio Nakamura, Takashi Maeda, Atsushi Sobajima, Susumu Morioka, Masashi Nawata
- General Medicine
Despite the success of total knee arthroplasty (TKA), current implant designs could not consistently restore the physiological knee kinematics, especially in cruciate-retaining (CR) implants. This study aimed to investigate the short-term clinical outcomes, particularly patient satisfaction, of primary TKA employing a new-type kinematic retaining (KR) implant. We analyzed 149 cases applied the KR implant at our institutions during June 2017 to May 2019. The effectiveness of this implant design was compared with another CR one (171 cases). Both groups underwent primary TKA in the same period and all patients completed 2 years of follow-up. Perioperative changes in range of motion (ROM), Knee Score, function score, and patient satisfaction by Forgotten Joint Score-12 (FJS-12) method were evaluated. Postoperative ROM, Knee Score, and function score were significantly improved at 1 year after surgeries and maintained for another year in both KR and CR groups. The improvement rate of ROM in KR group (108.1%) was substantially higher than that in CR (104.5%), even 4% increase could have affected patients’ satisfaction in a real-world setting. Regarding the patient satisfaction, such 4 items as climbing stairs, walking on a bumpy road, doing housework or gardening, and taking a walk or hiking were significantly enhanced in KR cases compared to CR. There were no loosening or revision cases and the short-term survivorships of both implants were 100%. In addition, there has been no case of obvious complications in both groups during and after surgeries. The results of the present study suggest that this novel KR prosthesis can reproduce physiological knee kinematics, recover its functions, and contribute to pain relief after TKA. TKA procedure using the KR implant should be a good surgical option to improve postoperative outcomes.