Shock state distributions in porous tantalum and characterization with multipoint velocimetryNathan W. Moore, James B. Carleton, Jack L. Wise, Chad A. McCoy, Andrew Vackel, Dan S. Bolintineanu, Morris Kaufman, Michael R. Kracum, Corbett C. Battaile, Theron M. Rodgers, Jason J. Sanchez, Mikhail Mesh, Aaron J. Olson, William M. Scherzinger, Michael J. Powell, Sheri L. Payne, Reeju Pokharel, Donald W. Brown, Daniel K. Frayer
- General Physics and Astronomy
Heterogenous materials under shock compression can be expected to reach different shock states throughout the material according to local differences in microstructure and the history of wave propagation. Here, a compact, multiple-beam focusing optic assembly is used with high-speed velocimetry to interrogate the shock response of porous tantalum films prepared through thermal-spray deposition. The distribution of particle velocities across a shocked interface is compared to results obtained using a set of defocused interferometric beams that sampled the shock response over larger areas. The two methods produced velocity distributions along the shock plateau with the same mean, while a larger variance was measured with narrower beams. The finding was replicated using three-dimensional, mesoscopically resolved hydrodynamics simulations of solid tantalum with a pore structure mimicking statistical attributes of the material and accounting for radial divergence of the beams, with agreement across several impact velocities. Accounting for pore morphology in the simulations was found to be necessary for replicating the rise time of the shock plateau. The validated simulations were then used to show that while the average velocity along the shock plateau could be determined accurately with only a few interferometric beams, accurately determining the width of the velocity distribution, which here was approximately Gaussian, required a beam dimension much smaller than the spatial correlation lengthscale of the velocity field, here by a factor of ∼30×, with implications for the study of other porous materials.