DOI: 10.1126/science.1070821 ISSN:

Self-Assembly at All Scales

George M. Whitesides, Bartosz Grzybowski
  • Multidisciplinary

Self-assembly is the autonomous organization of components into patterns or structures without human intervention. Self-assembling processes are common throughout nature and technology. They involve components from the molecular (crystals) to the planetary (weather systems) scale and many different kinds of interactions. The concept of self-assembly is used increasingly in many disciplines, with a different flavor and emphasis in each.

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