DOI: 10.1126/science.1236098 ISSN:

Selective Gas Transport Through Few-Layered Graphene and Graphene Oxide Membranes

Hyo Won Kim, Hee Wook Yoon, Seon-Mi Yoon, Byung Min Yoo, Byung Kook Ahn, Young Hoon Cho, Hye Jin Shin, Hoichang Yang, Ungyu Paik, Soongeun Kwon, Jae-Young Choi, Ho Bum Park
  • Multidisciplinary

Gas Separations

When gas separation membranes are made thinner, they usually allow permeating gases to pass through faster. However, a thinner membrane may be poorer at separating between gas species. Kim et al. (p. 91 ) examined the permeability and selectivity of layered graphene and graphene oxide membranes. Gas molecules diffuse through defective pores and channels that form between the layers. Controlling these structures tuned the properties of the membranes to allow the extraction of carbon dioxide from other gases. Li et al. (p. 95 ) describe membranes as thin as 1.8 nanometers made from only two to three layers of graphene oxide. Small defects within the layers allowed hydrogen to pass through, separating it from carbon dioxide and nitrogen.

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