Screening of Strawberry Allergy in Egyptian Atopic ChildrenZeinab A El-Sayed, Heba A Sakr, Ghada A Shousha
- General Medicine
Strawberries are included in the list of allergenic foods. However, definite figures in many countries including Egypt are lacking. Children with food allergy are 2 to 4 times more likely to have asthma, eczema, and allergic rhinitis than their non-allergic peers. We therefore sought to investigate IgE-mediated strawberry sensitization among a group of atopic children and correlate it to their clinical and laboratory parameters.
Patients and Methods
This study comprised 256 children, 1 to 18 years old, with physician-diagnosed bronchial asthma (98 patients), allergic rhinitis (28 patients), atopic dermatitis (53 patients), food allergy (10 patients) and combined allergies (67 patients). They were enrolled consecutively from the Pediatric Allergy, Immunology and Rheumatology Unit, Children's Hospital, Ain Shams University, Cairo. Sensitization to strawberry was assessed using prick-prick test (PPT).
Strawberry sensitization was observed in 7.8% of the studied children. Confirmed strawberry allergy was elicited in 2% of them. Strawberry sensitization was more prevalent in patients with food allergy followed by those with atopic dermatitis. Severity of allergic disease, frequency of flare ups and response to treatment did not influence the rate of strawberry sensitization in our series.
Strawberry allergy is not as common as claimed to be among Egyptian children with allergic disorders. Sensitization to strawberry did not impact the severity of allergy or response to treatment. The findings are limited by the sample size.