DOI: 10.1002/pro.4756 ISSN:

ParSe 2.0: A web tool to identify drivers of protein phase separation at the proteome level

Colorado Wilson, Karen A. Lewis, Nicholas C. Fitzkee, Loren E. Hough, Steven T. Whitten
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry


We have developed an algorithm, ParSe, which accurately identifies from the primary sequence those protein regions likely to exhibit physiological phase separation behavior. Originally, ParSe was designed to test the hypothesis that, for flexible proteins, phase separation potential is correlated to hydrodynamic size. While our results were consistent with that idea, we also found that many different descriptors could successfully differentiate between three classes of protein regions: folded, intrinsically disordered, and phase‐separating intrinsically disordered. Consequently, numerous combinations of amino acid property scales can be used to make robust predictions of protein phase separation. Built from that finding, ParSe 2.0 uses an optimal set of property scales to predict domain‐level organization and compute a sequence‐based prediction of phase separation potential. The algorithm is fast enough to scan the whole of the human proteome in minutes on a single computer and is equally or more accurate than other published predictors in identifying proteins and regions within proteins that drive phase separation. Here, we describe a web application for ParSe 2.0 that may be accessed through a browser by visiting to quickly identify phase‐separating proteins within large sequence sets, or by visiting to evaluate individual protein sequences.

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