DOI: 10.3390/covid3080084 ISSN:

Scoping Review of Self-Directed Online Learning, Public School Students’ Mental Health, and COVID-19 in Noting Positive Psychosocial Outcomes with Self-Initiated Learning

Carol Nash
  • General Medicine

During COVID-19, self-directed learning, contrasted with standardized learning, became a necessary and promoted learning method in public schools—one potentially supportive of mental health regularly in public schools through the use of online learning. This is important because negative mental health has been classified as a global crisis, with the highest and lowest student achievers recognized as at greatest risk. Therefore, the conditions under which public school students’ mental health has been improved, leading to positive psychosocial outcomes, are relevant. Studies have identified that positive psychosocial outcomes in this regard require self-initiation of students’ self-directed learning. Also necessary is a reduction in the standardized expectations of parents to lead to positive psychosocial outcomes. Unknown is what research identifies the relevance of both self-initiated self-directed online learning and a reduction in parental expectations of standardization. To investigate this, self-directed learning, online learning, mental health, public schools, and COVID-19 were keywords searched following PRISMA guidelines for scoping reviews. The result: few returns considered either factor and those that did reinforce the need for both. The conclusion: self-initiated self-directed online learning supported by public schools and parents should be central in the aim of reducing the mental health crisis in students post COVID-19.

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