DOI: 10.3390/s23177575 ISSN:

Satellite Interference Source Direction of Arrival (DOA) Estimation Based on Frequency Domain Covariance Matrix Reconstruction

Jinjie Yao, Changchun Zhao, Jiansheng Bai, Yang Ren, Yangyang Wang, Jing Miao
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Analytical Chemistry

Direction of arrival (DOA) estimation is an effective method for detecting various active interference signals during the satellite navigation process. It can be utilized for both interference detection and anti-interference applications. This paper proposes a DOA estimation algorithm for satellite interference sources based on frequency domain covariance matrix reconstruction (FDCMR) to address various types of active interference that may occur in the satellite navigation positioning process. This algorithm can estimate the DOA of coherent signals from multiple frequency points under low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) conditions. The signals received from the array are transformed from the time domain to the frequency domain using a fast Fourier transform (FFT). The data corresponding to the frequency point of the target signal is extracted from the signal in the frequency domain. The frequency domain covariance matrix of the received array signals is reconstructed by utilizing its covariance matrix property. The spatial spectrum search method is used for the final DOA estimation. Simulation experiments have shown that the proposed algorithm performs well in the DOA estimation under low SNR conditions and also resolves coherency. Moreover, the algorithm’s effectiveness is verified through comparison with three other algorithms. Finally, the algorithm’s applicability is validated through simulations of various interference scenarios.

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