Safety of Intravenous Immunoglobulin Replacement Therapy in a Group of Patients with Primary Immune DeficiencyShereen M Reda, Nesrine Radwa, M A Reem
- General Medicine
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) has been used as antibody replacement therapy in primary immunodeficiency diseases for more than 50 years. Most routinely, IVIG is used in patients with predominantly antibody deficiency and combined immunodeficiency.
To evaluate the safety of regular intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) among patients with primary immunodeficiency diseases who receive IVIG as a replacement treatment.
Our study included 40 patients with primary immunodeficiency following up regularly in the Pediatric Allergy and Immunology Unit, Children’s Hospital, Ain Shams University, These patients were followed up for one year in order to evaluate the incidence of occurrence of adverse reactions among the patients who received IVIG monthly, Once patients with adverse reactions have been identified, the following data were taken and reviewed : a specific type of adverse reaction to IVIG; the time interval between onset of adverse reaction and beginning of IVIG infusion; IVIG preparation, dose and infusion rate; medical management done during side effects . Statistics were used to analyze and interpret the data.
This study included 40 PID patients. They were 31 males (77.5%) and 9 females 22.5% with a male to female ratio of 3.4:1. At time of enrolment in the study, the median age was 73.5 months (14 – 218 months). In our studied population the median age of symptoms onset was 23 months (1 – 187 months), and age at diagnosis was 25 months (2-192 months). This made the diagnostic lag to have a median of 9 months (0-56 months). From our studied population only one patient (2.5%) out of the study groups developed anaphylaxis and was shifted to another brand.
IVIG is a safe drug for patients with primary antibody deficiency with minimal reported side effects.