Room-Temperature Ferromagnetism in Transparent Transition Metal-Doped Titanium DioxideYuji Matsumoto, Makoto Murakami, Tomoji Shono, Tetsuya Hasegawa, Tomoteru Fukumura, Masashi Kawasaki, Parhat Ahmet, Toyohiro Chikyow, Shin-ya Koshihara, Hideomi Koinuma
Dilute magnetic semiconductors and wide gap oxide semiconductors are appealing materials for magnetooptical devices. From a combinatorial screening approach looking at the solid solubility of transition metals in titanium dioxides and of their magnetic properties, we report on the observation of transparent ferromagnetism in cobalt-doped anatase thin films with the concentration of cobalt between 0 and 8%. Magnetic microscopy images reveal a magnetic domain structure in the films, indicating the existence of ferromagnetic long-range ordering. The materials remain ferromagnetic above room temperature with a magnetic moment of 0.32 Bohr magnetons per cobalt atom. The film is conductive and exhibits a positive magnetoresistance of 60% at 2 kelvin.