DOI: 10.1002/rcs.2563 ISSN:

Robot‐assisted transaxillary surgery for thyroid cancer: Oncologic and surgical outcomes in long term follow‐up

Piermarco Papini, Andrea De Palma, Michael Ginesini, Leonardo Rossi, Lorenzo Fregoli, Rossella Elisei, Antonio Matrone, Riccardo Morganti, Carlo Enrico Ambrosini, Gabriele Materazzi
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Biophysics
  • Surgery



The use of robot‐assisted transaxillary thyroidectomy (RATT) has rapidly spread in the last 2 decades, although it is mostly limited to Asian countries.


We retrospectively enroled all patients with histologic diagnoses of thyroid cancer who underwent RATT at the University Hospital of Pisa from May 2012 to September 2020.


The study included 242 patients; 128 (47%) underwent total thyroidectomy and 114 (53%) underwent thyroid lobectomy, among which 28 patients (24.6%) required completion thyroidectomy. Radioactive iodine ablation therapy was required in 90 patients (37%). The complication rate was 5.3%. After a median follow‐up of 38 months, an excellent response to therapy was achieved in 107 patients (74%), whereas the response was indeterminate in 12 (8%) and incomplete in 16 (11%). No local or distant relapses or increases in thyroglobulin or antibody levels were documented.


In experienced hands, RATT represents a valid option for the treatment of thyroid cancer in selected cases.

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