DOI: 10.3390/cimb45090458 ISSN:

Research Progress on Anthocyanin-Mediated Regulation of ‘Black’ Phenotypes of Plant Organs

Fei Wang, Jinliao Chen, Ruonan Tang, Ruixin Wang, Sagheer Ahmad, Zhongjian Liu, Donghui Peng
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Molecular Biology
  • General Medicine
  • Microbiology

The color pattern is one of the most important characteristics of plants. Black stands out among the vibrant colors due to its rare and distinctive nature. While some plant organs appear black, they are, in fact, dark purple. Anthocyanins are the key compounds responsible for the diverse hues in plant organs. Cyanidin plays an important role in the deposition of black pigments in various plant organs, such as flower, leaf, and fruit. A number of structural genes and transcription factors are involved in the metabolism of anthocyanins in black organs. It has been shown that the high expression of R2R3-MYB transcription factors, such as PeMYB7, PeMYB11, and CsMYB90, regulates black pigmentation in plants. This review provides a comprehensive overview of the anthocyanin pathways that are involved in the regulation of black pigments in plant organs, including flower, leaf, and fruit. It is a great starting point for further investigation into the molecular regulation mechanism of plant color and the development of novel cultivars with black plant organs.

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