DOI: 10.3390/s23167283 ISSN:

Research on Speech Synthesis Based on Mixture Alignment Mechanism

Yan Deng, Ning Wu, Chengjun Qiu, Yan Chen, Xueshan Gao
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Analytical Chemistry

In recent years, deep learning-based speech synthesis has attracted a lot of attention from the machine learning and speech communities. In this paper, we propose Mixture-TTS, a non-autoregressive speech synthesis model based on mixture alignment mechanism. Mixture-TTS aims to optimize the alignment information between text sequences and mel-spectrogram. Mixture-TTS uses a linguistic encoder based on soft phoneme-level alignment and hard word-level alignment approaches, which explicitly extract word-level semantic information, and introduce pitch and energy predictors to optimally predict the rhythmic information of the audio. Specifically, Mixture-TTS introduces a post-net based on a five-layer 1D convolution network to optimize the reconfiguration capability of the mel-spectrogram. We connect the output of the decoder to the post-net through the residual network. The mel-spectrogram is converted into the final audio by the HiFi-GAN vocoder. We evaluate the performance of the Mixture-TTS on the AISHELL3 and LJSpeech datasets. Experimental results show that Mixture-TTS is somewhat better in alignment information between the text sequences and mel-spectrogram, and is able to achieve high-quality audio. The ablation studies demonstrate that the structure of Mixture-TTS is effective.

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