DOI: 10.3390/wevj14080229 ISSN:

Research on Regenerative Braking Control Strategy for Single-Pedal Pure Electric Commercial Vehicles

Zhe Li, Zhenning Shi, Jianping Gao, Jianguo Xi
  • Automotive Engineering

In recent years, with the increasing severity of energy and environmental issues, countries have vigorously developed the new energy automotive industry. To reduce the difficulty of driver operation and increase endurance mileage, this article proposes a regenerative braking control strategy for a single-pedal pure electric commercial vehicle. Firstly, the single-pedal control system’s hierarchical approach was designed to contain the driver’s intention analysis and torque calculation layers. After identifying the driver’s intention, a logic threshold method was used to determine the braking pattern. Then, a fuzzy theory was used, with road gradient, braking strength, and speed as input parameters, and the ratio coefficient of braking force as the output parameter. A hybrid regenerative braking strategy was formulated based on the ideal distribution curve. Finally, the proposed strategy was verified through simulation and a constant-speed car-following experiment. The constant-speed car-following experiment results show that the maximum optimization rate of energy consumption provided by the proposed single-pedal regenerative braking control strategy is 5.81%, and the average optimization rate is 4.33%. This strategy can effectively reduce energy consumption and improve the economic performance of single-pedal pure electric commercial vehicles.

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