DOI: 10.3390/lubricants11090360 ISSN:

Research on Oil–Gas Two-Phase Flow Characteristics and Improvement of Aero-Engine Bearing Chamber

Guozhe Ren, Yanpeng Li, Huan Zhao, Yang Yan, Wenfeng Xu, Dan Sun
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Mechanical Engineering

In order to study the oil–gas two-phase flow characteristics of an aero-engine bearing chamber and improve the scavenge effect of lubricating oil, the two-phase flow solution model of a bearing chamber based on the Euler–Euler method was established. Three improvement schemes were proposed for the ventilation structure and scavenge structure of the bearing chamber. The flow characteristics and scavenge characteristics of a conventional bearing chamber and three improvement schemes under different working conditions were analyzed in depth. The results show that after the conventional bearing chamber ventilation structure is embedded (Embed) and improved, with the increase in the embedding depth, the oil in the cavity is further blocked in the cavity, the amount of oil flowing out from the vent is further reduced, and the scavenge efficiency is further improved. After the slope improvement of the scavenge structure of the conventional bearing chamber, due to the increase in the depth of the oil return groove, the drag effect of the air shear force in the cavity on the oil in the oil return groove is further weakened, and the oil accumulation area on the right side of the scavenge port is further suppressed. The volume fraction of the oil in the cavity is further reduced, and the scavenge efficiency is further improved. The combined improvement scheme (ES) can take into account the advantages of embedding and slope improvement schemes, and further improve the scavenge efficiency. Compared to the conventional bearing chamber, when the oil flow rate is 200 L/h and the speed is 15,000 r/min, the oil return efficiency of the embedded (h = 12 mm), slope (l = 56 mm) and combined improvement schemes are increased by 20.19%, 13.43%, and 37.94%, respectively.

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