DOI: 10.3390/su151712708 ISSN:

Research on Durability and Long-Term Moisture Stability Improvement of Asphalt Mixture Based on Buton Rock Asphalt

Yinglong Zhang, Yutong Zhou, Xiaodi Hu, Jiuming Wan, Wenxia Gan, Yafei Jing, Jiakun Liu, Zongwu Chen
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Building and Construction

Buton rock asphalt (BRA) has been used in asphalt pavement for its contribution to high-temperature stability. However, how BRA affects the durability of a corresponding asphalt mixture requires systemic discussion. This study investigated how BRA affected durability in terms of the fatigue resistance, thermo-oxidative aging resistance, and long-term moisture stability of asphalt mixture. Furthermore, improvement of the long-term moisture stability of asphalt mixture containing BRA modified asphalt (BRAM) was also included. An AC-20C asphalt mixture based on BRA asphalt, neat asphalt, and SBS-modified asphalt were prepared and their high-temperature, low-temperature, and moisture performance were examined. A semi-circular bending cyclic loading test was used to characterize fatigue performance. Thermo-oxidative aging tests in both the short-term and long-term were used to indicate the aging performance. Freeze–thaw cyclic splitting tests were carried out to investigate BRAM’s long-term moisture stability. Finally, the optimization and enhancement of BRAM’s long-term moisture stability was discussed in terms of ceramic, basalt, and polyester fiber, as well as hydrated lime. Results showed that BRA can enhance the high-temperature, low-temperature, and moisture performance of BRAM. The cracking fatigue resistance and thermo-oxidative aging resistance of BRAM were also improved by BRA. The long-term moisture stability of BRAM was lower than that of the asphalt mixture based on SBS and neat asphalt. It was found that the long-term moisture durability of BRAM can be optimally enhanced by replacing mineral filler with 50% hydrated lime by equal volume and using 0.2wt% ceramic fiber as an additive in BRAM.

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