DOI: 10.3390/antibiotics12091393 ISSN:

Real-World Data about Commonly Used Antibiotics in Long-Term Care Homes in Australia from 2016 to 2019

Chloé C. H. Smit, Kris Rogers, Hamish Robertson, Katja Taxis, Lisa G. Pont
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
  • Biochemistry
  • Microbiology

In this study, we use real-world data to explore trends in antibiotic use in a dynamic cohort of long-term care (LTC) residents. A cross-sectional retrospective analysis of pharmacy medication supply records of 3459 LTC residents was conducted from 31 May 2016 to 31 May 2019. The primary outcome was the monthly prevalence of residents with an antibiotic episode. Secondary outcomes were the type of antibiotic used and duration of use. Over the three-year study period, residents were supplied 10460 antibiotics. On average, 18.9% of residents received an antibiotic monthly. Antibiotic use decreased slightly over time with a mean of 168/1000 (95% CI 146–177) residents using at least one antibiotic per month in June 2016 to 148/1000 (95% CI 127–156) in May 2019. The total number of antibiotic days per 100 resident days remained relatively constant over the study period: 8.8 days in 2016–2017, 8.4 in 2017–2018 and 6.4 in 2018–2019. Prolonged durations exceeding 100 days were seen for a small percentage of residents. We found extensive antibiotic use, which is a recognized contributor to antimicrobial resistance development, underscoring the necessity for quality treatment guidelines in this vulnerable population.

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