DOI: 10.1002/mrd.23719 ISSN: 1040-452X

Pyroptosis is involved in maternal nicotine exposure‐induced metabolic associated fatty liver disease progression in offspring mice

Yu‐Qing Su, Yan Lin, Shu‐Jing Huang, Yan‐Ting Lin, Jing Ran, Fang‐Fang Yan, Xian‐Lan Liu, Long‐Cheng Hong, Mei Huang, Huan‐Zhong Su, Xiao‐Dong Zhang, Jian‐Hong You, Yi‐Ming Su
  • Cell Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Genetics


We have investigated whether inflammasomes and pyroptosis are activated in maternal nicotine exposure (MNE) offspring mice and whether they are involved in MNE‐promoted metabolic associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) in adult offspring. We injected pregnant mice subcutaneously with saline vehicle or nicotine twice a day on gestational days 11–21. Offspring mice from both groups were fed with a normal diet (ND) or a high‐fat diet (HFD) for 6 months at postnatal day 21 to develop the MAFLD model. Serum biochemical indices were analyzed, and liver histology was performed. The expression levels of inflammasome and pyroptosis proteins were detected by western blot. We found MNE significantly aggravated the injury of MAFLD in adult offspring mice. MNE activated inflammasomes and pyroptosis in both infant and adult offspring mice. HFD treatment activated inflammasomes but not pyroptosis at 3 months, while it showed no effect at 6 months. However, pyroptosis was more severe in MNE‐HFD mice than in MNE‐ND mice at 6 months. Taken together, our data suggest MNE promotes MAFLD progression in adult offspring mice. MNE also induces NLRP3 and NLRP6 inflammasome activation and pyroptosis in both infant and adult offspring mice, which may be involved in MNE‐promoted progression of MAFLD.

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