DOI: 10.1515/polyeng-2023-0036 ISSN:

Preparation and properties of dynamic crosslinked styrene butadiene rubber

Hui Lu, Pingyin Wang, Yaozhu Tian, Zhu Luo
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • General Chemical Engineering


As the second largest synthetic rubber after styrene butadiene rubber, cis-butadiene rubber (BR) is one of the important raw materials for automobile tires and cold-resistant products. Herein, a traditional rubber preparation process was used to introduce dynamic reversible bonds into BR based on an “imitative” click reaction. Compared with traditional complex self-healing techniques, this method is undoubtedly simpler and more efficient. Dynamic reversible bonds are able to break and recombine under the stimulation of external conditions, which endow rubber with self-healing properties. We use the small biological molecule lipoic acid (LA) as a cross-linking agent and cross-link LA and BR through mechanical compounding and hot press vulcanization to obtain self-healing butadiene rubber (BLA). In addition, BLA-(Zn2+) was further prepared by introducing Zn2+ to form metal-oxygen coordination bonds with carboxyl groups. And systematically studied the effect of Zn2+ on the mechanical properties and self-healing properties of cross-linked BR. Through the combined action of disulfide bonds, hydrogen bonds and Zn2+-O coordination bonds, BLA-(Zn2+) has better properties than BLA, the tensile strength can reach 3.76 MPa, and the repair efficiency is about 82 %. This simple preparation process is certainly more cost effective.

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