DOI: 10.1002/pd.6484 ISSN: 0197-3851

Prenatal diagnosis of autosomal recessive renal tubular dysgenesis caused by variants in the ACE gene: Two fetuses with anhydramnios

Sim Nguyen Thi, Anh Nguyen Duy, Anh Luong Thi Lan, Diep Pho Hong, Huong Nguyen Thu, Bay Luong Huu, Anh Nguyen Duc, Huong Ngo Thi, Canh Thu Than Thi
  • Genetics (clinical)
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology



Autosomal recessive renal tubular dysgenesis (ARRTD) is a rare genetic disorder with a very high mortality rate. The typical symptoms of the disease during pregnancy are oligohydramnios, anhydramnios, and nearly all affected fetuses die after birth or have a stillbirth in late gestation, which can adversely increase maternal risks.


Oligohydramnios/anhydramnios can make both amniocentesis for diagnostic testing and morphological evaluation via ultrasound more difficult. In cases of oligohydramnios/anhydramnios suspicious for urinary tract anomalies, amnioinfusion is a meaningful technique that facilitates sampling of amniotic fluid for genetic diagnosis.


We report two cases of fetuses with anhydramnios and invisible urinary bladder. Clinical exome sequencing from amniotic fluid revealed a biparentally inherited homozygous pathogenic nonsense ACE variant c.2503G 〉 T [p.Glu853Ter] in proband 1 and a biparentally inherited homozygous pathogenic nonsense ACE variant c.2992C 〉 T [p.Gln998Ter] in proband 2. The prognosis was poor and the patients elected to terminate the pregnancies. Additional post‐mortem histopathological examination from the renal tissue of the second fetus showed renal tubular hypoplasia.


To our knowledge for the first time, we describe the prenatal diagnosis of ARRTD in Vietnam, and highlight the benefit of detecting ACE variants associated with ARRTD in fetuses with oligohydramnios/anhydramnios through amnioinfusion and amniocentesis, which improves genotype‐phenotype correlations and provides valuable information for reproductive counseling.

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