DOI: 10.1002/jcph.2343 ISSN:

P‐Glycoprotein Mediated Interaction is A Risk Factor For Qt Prolongation in Concomitant Use of Antipsychotics and Ssris As P‐Glycoprotein Mediated Inhibitors: Analysis of The Japanese Adverse Drug Event Report Database

Hiroki Morishita, Liyanage Manosika Buddhini Perera, Hiroki Sunakawa, Satsuki Kimura, Hitoshi Yoshida, Takuo Ogihara
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology


Inhibition of human ether‐a‐go‐go‐related gene (hERG) channels is a known cause of QT prolongation by antipsychotic drugs. Our previous studies suggest that P‐glycoprotein (P‐gp)‐mediated drug interactions may lead to increased gastrointestinal absorption of pimozide and its accumulation in cardiomyocytes, thereby enhancing the inhibitory effect of hERG channels. There is a paucity of epidemiological studies examining the risk of QT prolongation by antipsychotic drugs in terms of P‐gp‐mediated interactions with concomitant drugs. Therefore, using the Japanese Adverse Event Reporting Database, we investigated whether the risk of QT prolongation with antipsychotic drugs with hERG inhibition is affected by concomitant use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) with P‐gp inhibition. The results showed that the frequency of QT prolongation increased when the antipsychotic drugs quetiapine and sulpiride, which are P‐gp substrates, were combined with SSRIs with P‐gp inhibition. In contrast, no association with QT prolongation was observed in patients on non‐P‐gp‐substrate antipsychotics, irrespective of the P‐gp inhibitory effect of the concomitant SSRI. These results suggest that P‐gp‐mediated interactions are a risk factor for antipsychotic‐induced QT prolongation. There is a need for further investigation into the risks of specific drug combinations.

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