DOI: 10.1177/14613484241238596 ISSN: 1461-3484

Numerical investigation on acoustic damping characteristics of dual Helmholtz resonators in presence of a grazing flow

He Zhao, Dan Zhao, Xu Dong
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Geophysics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Building and Construction
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

In this study, the acoustic damping performances of the dual Helmholtz resonators were numerically evaluated using a 3D model. The grazing flow passes tangentially through the resonator neck, with a Mach number range of 0 ≤ Ma ≤ 0.1. The numerical model operates by solving the linearized Navier–Stokes equations. The current model is validated through a comparison with experimental data. The model is then utilized to explore the effects of the dual Helmholtz resonators on acoustic transmission loss performance in the presence of a grazing flow. Three key parameters are examined: 1) different implementation configurations of the dual Helmholtz resonators (including Models (b), (c), and (d)), 2) the mean temperature of the grazing flow, and 3) the axial distance between the dual Helmholtz resonators. For comparison, the acoustic damping performance of these dual Helmholtz resonators is compared to the single Helmholtz resonator case (Model (a)). The maximum transmission loss of Model (c) is significantly higher, recording values of 91%, 89.4%, and 92.5% than those observed for Model (a) at Ma = 0, Ma = 0.05, and Ma = 0.1, respectively. It is observed that the dual Helmholtz resonators dramatically increase the transmission loss. Model (c) is demonstrated to be associated with the most significant damping on the acoustic plane waves in comparison with that of Model (a). Additionally, the maximum transmission loss of Model (c) is 23.23 dB, 30.32 dB, and 34.58 dB at mean temperatures of 300 K, 600 K, and 900 K, respectively. Therefore, increasing the mean temperature is shown to be beneficial to enhance transmission losses in the presence of the grazing flow. Furthermore, under Ma = 0.1, the resonant frequency of Model (c) is 127 Hz, 152 Hz, and 172 Hz, corresponding to mean temperatures of 300 K, 600 K, and 900 K. It can be concluded that increasing the temperature has the effect of broadening the resonant frequency, especially at a high grazing flow Mach number. However, increasing the mean temperature results in a reduction of transmission loss in the absence of the grazing flow. In the case of Model (c), a 32 cm axial distance results in a 5.6% larger transmission loss at Ma = 0 and a 26.4% larger loss at Ma = 0.1 compared to a 16 cm axial distance. This indicates that increasing the axial distance between the dual Helmholtz resonators improves transmission loss.

More from our Archive