DOI: 10.1063/5.0157136 ISSN: 1054-1500

Nonlinear dynamics of a spin-Hall nano-oscillator based on the canted antiferromagnet

A. Mitrofanova, A. Safin, S. Nikitov
  • Applied Mathematics
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

The theory of the nonlinear dynamics of a canted antiferromagnet-based (AFM) spin-Hall oscillator with weak ferromagnetism caused by the strong Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction between magnetic sublattices is rigorously studied. The AFM oscillator’s frequency tuning is carried out both due to a DC spin-polarized current flowing through the normal metal layer and an external permanent magnetic field. A feature of the operation of this oscillator is the presence of a hysteresis region between the subcritical (damping) and overcritical (self-oscillating) regimes. We show that it is necessary to reduce an effective easy-plane anisotropy field of the AFM or choose antiferromagnetic material with a smaller exchange field between magnetic sublattices to get a smaller hysteresis region. The action of an external permanent magnetic field on an antiferromagnet leads to the presence of two stable equilibrium states, and the self-oscillating regime is characterized by two-mode generation. We find the conditions for the absence of two-mode generation on the “current density–magnetic field strength” plane. We believe that our results can be helpful for the practical development of a sub-THz frequency tunable oscillator based on the AFM with weak ferromagnetism.

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