DOI: 10.3390/foods13060867 ISSN: 2304-8158

Metabolomics-Based Analysis on the Effect and Metabolic Response of Mycelia by Sawdust Addition from Hypsizygus marmoreus

Jiahuan Li, Jiacheng Xie, Zenan Huang, Peilei Yang, Deng Li, Liding Chen, Shujing Sun
  • Plant Science
  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)
  • Health (social science)
  • Microbiology
  • Food Science

The composition of culture substrate is an important environmental factor that affects the growth and metabolism of Hypsizygus marmoreus, and sawdust is commonly used as the substrate for cultivating mushrooms. However, the influences of sawdust on metabolic level of H. marmoreus in mycelial growth is little reported. In this study, the effect of sawdust addition on mycelial growth rate, morphological characteristics and nutrient content of H. marmoreus was explored, and the metabolic response was analyzed based on LC-MS/MS. The results showed the mycelial growth rates and the number of mycelial clamp connections in sawdust medium A and sawdust medium B were significantly higher than that of the basic medium (Control). The mycelial morphology in sawdust medium A was denser, with higher edge trimness and stronger aerial mycelia. The contents of crude fiber, crude protein and polysaccharide of the mycelia from sawdust medium A increased by 85.15%, 90.65% and 92.61%, respectively, compared to that in the basic medium. A total of 551 metabolites were identified and obtained. The differential accumulated metabolites (DAMs) were mainly amino acids, lipids compounds and carbohydrates. It was speculated that the addition of sawdust played a vital role in promoting the cell division and, thus, the formation of clamp connections in H. marmoreus mycelia. Regarding amino acids, the metabolism of glycine, serine and ABC transporters was active with the increase in sawdust, thereby increasing the protein content. And some valuable bioactive molecules were found, such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). This study will lay the foundation for further research on the substance transformation and quality improvement of cultivation substrate for mushrooms.

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