DOI: 10.1002/chem.202400421 ISSN: 0947-6539

Leveraging Pyrazolium Ylide Reactivity to Access Indolizine and 1,2‐Dihydropyrimidine Derivatives

Ricky Tran, Duncan K Brownsey, Leonie O'Sullivan, Connor MJ Brandow, Emily S Chang, Wen Zhou, Ketul V Patel, Evgueni Gorobets, Darren Jason Derksen
  • General Chemistry
  • Catalysis
  • Organic Chemistry

N‐Heterocyclic ylides are important synthetic precursors to rapidly build molecular complexity. Pyrazolium ylides have largely been unexplored, and we demonstrate their diverse utility in this report. We show that these readily accessible building blocks can be used to construct different heterocyclic skeletons by varying the coupling partner. Indolizines can be formed via an N‐deletion type mechanism when reacting pyrazolium salts with electron deficient alkynes. 1,2‐Dihydropyrimidines can be formed via a rearrangement mechanism when reacting pyrazolium ylides with isocyanates. These reactions enable access to valuable heteroarenes without the need for transition metal catalysis, high temperatures, or strong bases.

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