DOI: 10.1049/cit2.12291 ISSN: 2468-2322

Knowledge‐based deep learning system for classifying Alzheimer's disease for multi‐task learning

Amol Dattatray Dhaygude, Gaurav Kumar Ameta, Ihtiram Raza Khan, Pavitar Parkash Singh, Renato R. Maaliw, Natrayan Lakshmaiya, Mohammad Shabaz, Muhammad Attique Khan, Hany S. Hussein, Hammam Alshazly
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Information Systems


Deep learning has recently become a viable approach for classifying Alzheimer's disease (AD) in medical imaging. However, existing models struggle to efficiently extract features from medical images and may squander additional information resources for illness classification. To address these issues, a deep three‐dimensional convolutional neural network incorporating multi‐task learning and attention mechanisms is proposed. An upgraded primary C3D network is utilised to create rougher low‐level feature maps. It introduces a new convolution block that focuses on the structural aspects of the magnetic resonance imaging image and another block that extracts attention weights unique to certain pixel positions in the feature map and multiplies them with the feature map output. Then, several fully connected layers are used to achieve multi‐task learning, generating three outputs, including the primary classification task. The other two outputs employ backpropagation during training to improve the primary classification job. Experimental findings show that the authors’ proposed method outperforms current approaches for classifying AD, achieving enhanced classification accuracy and other indicators on the Alzheimer's disease Neuroimaging Initiative dataset. The authors demonstrate promise for future disease classification studies.

More from our Archive