Fernando Fernández-Bañares, Laura Crespo, Montserrat Planella, Sergio Farrais, Sandra Izquierdo, Natalia López-Palacios, Garbiñe Roy, Judith Vidal, Concepción Núñez

Improving the Diagnosis of Dermatitis Herpetiformis Using the Intraepithelial Lymphogram

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Dermatitis herpetiformis is a cutaneous manifestation of celiac disease. Phenotyping of intraepithelial lymphocytes in the small bowel mucosa can strengthen the diagnosis of celiac disease when it is not clear-cut. We aim to evaluate the usefulness of the intraepithelial lymphogram to confirm dermatitis herpetiformis in equivocal cases. We performed a retrospective multicenter study on patients diagnosed with dermatitis herpetiformis and collected data from the intraepithelial lymphogram assessed by flow cytometry. A total of 36 patients were analyzed in relation to the severity of intestinal damage (18 had non-atrophic mucosa) at baseline (N = 28) and/or after the adoption of a gluten-free diet (median follow-up of three years, N = 16). We observed that patients with atrophy more often had positive celiac serology (p = 0.019), celiac clinical symptoms (p = 0.018), and iron-deficiency anemia (p = 0.018), but the severity of skin damage was similar in both groups (p = 0.79). At baseline, increased TCRγδ+ cells were present in 94% of patients with atrophy and 67% with non-atrophic lesions (p = 0.13). After a gluten-free diet, increased TCRγδ+ cells persisted in 100% and 63% of cases, respectively (p = 0.21). We concluded that increased TCRγδ+ cells may be helpful in confirming the diagnosis of dermatitis herpetiformis in equivocal cases, even in patients who were started on a gluten-free diet.

Need a simple solution for managing your BibTeX entries? Explore CiteDrive!

  • Web-based, modern reference management
  • Collaborate and share with fellow researchers
  • Integration with Overleaf
  • Comprehensive BibTeX/BibLaTeX support
  • Save articles and websites directly from your browser
  • Search for new articles from a database of tens of millions of references
Try out CiteDrive

More from our Archive