DOI: 10.1002/asjc.3210 ISSN:

Fault estimation and active fault‐tolerant control for a class of nonlinear systems with actuator and sensor faults based on unknown input iterative learning

Fan Wu, Yaqi Liu, Yiming Fang, Le Liu, Zhichao Lei
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mathematics (miscellaneous)


In this paper, fault estimation and active fault‐tolerant control are studied for a class of nonlinear systems with simultaneous actuator and sensor faults, as well as unknown external disturbances. Firstly, the state equation of a class of nonlinear systems is transformed into an augmented system state equation by extending the sensor fault as an auxiliary state. Then, a novel fault estimation observer based on iterative learning with unknown inputs is designed to estimate the system state, as well as actuator and sensor faults. Subsequently, by using the fault estimation information, a dynamic output feedback active fault‐tolerant control scheme is proposed to compensate for the influence of faults on the system. Lyapunov stability theory is used to prove the stability of the closed‐loop system and the convergence of the fault estimation observer. The gain matrices of the fault estimation observer and fault‐tolerant controller are obtained by solving linear matrix inequalities. Furthermore, the paper avoids the use of the norm in the convergence proof of the conventional iterative learning algorithm, which reduces the amount of calculation in the derivation process. Finally, the effectiveness and accuracy of the proposed method are verified through simulation of the DC motor angular velocity system.

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