DOI: 10.3390/rs16061011 ISSN: 2072-4292

Environmental Influences on the Detection of Buried Objects with a Ground-Penetrating Radar

Bernd Arendt, Michael Schneider, Winfried Mayer, Thomas Walter
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences

A tremendous number of landmines has been buried during the last decade. In recent years, various autonomous platforms equipped with ground-penetrating radars (GPRs) have been proposed for the detection of landmines. These systems have already demonstrated their performance in controlled environments with known ground truth. However, it has been observed that the influence of surface conditions in the form of vegetation and roughness as well as soil moisture content significantly reduce the detection probability. The influence of these individual factors on a ground-offset GPR is presented and discussed in this work. Each of these factors significantly degrades the backscattered signal. With increasing soil moisture, the signal gets attenuated more strongly; however, the signature is maintained in the phase of the C-Scans. An increase in surface roughness deteriorates the target pattern making it difficult to detect buried objects unambiguously. Vegetation, especially with irregular leaf structures, can appear as a ghost target and scatter the electromagnetic waves. In most cases, the target is easier to detect in the phase of the B- or C-Scan.

More from our Archive