DOI: 10.1177/20552076241228928 ISSN: 2055-2076

Efficacy of telerehabilitation with digital and robotic tools for the continuity of care of people with chronic neurological disorders: The TELENEURO@REHAB protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Federica Rossetto, Fabiola Giovanna Mestanza Mattos, Elisa Gervasoni, Marco Germanotta, Arianna Pavan, Davide Cattaneo, Irene Aprile, Francesca Baglio
  • Health Information Management
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Health Informatics
  • Health Policy


Chronic Neurological Disorders (CNDs) are among the leading causes of disability worldwide, and their contribution to the overall need for rehabilitation is increasing. Therefore, the identification of new digital solutions to ensure early and continuous care is mandatory.


This protocol proposes to test the usability, acceptability, safety, and efficacy of Telerehabilitation (TR) protocols with digital and robotic tools in reducing the perceived level of disability in CNDs including Parkinson's Disease (PD), Multiple Sclerosis (MS), and post-stroke patients.

Design, Setting, and Subjects

This single-blinded, multi-site, randomized, two-treatment arms controlled clinical trial will involve PD (N = 30), MS (N = 30), and post-stroke (N = 30). Each participant will be randomized (1:1) to the experimental group (20 sessions of motor telerehabilitation with digital and robotic tools) or the active control group (20 home-based motor rehabilitation sessions according to the usual care treatment). Primary and secondary outcome measures will be obtained at the baseline (T0), post-intervention (T1, 5 weeks after baseline), and at follow-up (T2, 2 months after treatment).

Main Outcome Measures

a multifaceted evaluation including quality of life, motor, and clinical/functional measures will be conducted at each time-point of assessment. The primary outcome measures will be the change in the perceived level of disability as measured by the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0.


The implementation of TR protocols will enable a more targeted and effective response to the growing need for rehabilitation linked to CNDs, ensuring accessibility to rehabilitation services from the initial stages of the disease.

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